In this Article
01Meaningful conversations to have with your loved one
02Things to avoid saying to someone who is dying
03Prepare to say goodbye to a senior loved one
04Make peace with yourself and your loved one
Meaningful conversations to have with your loved one
When talking to your loved one, focus on their needs. Everyone is comforted by different things. Small gestures, such as holding their hand or rubbing their back may feel relaxing or comfortingto some.Others may find solace in tangible items, such as photo albums or mementos.
“One of the most important concepts in the field of grief and loss is that people drift in and out of the awareness of dying,” says Kenneth Doka,a senior consultant to the Hospice Foundation of America, and professor emeritus of gerontology at the graduate school of The College of New Rochelle. “Sometimes they do talk about it, sometimes not. The dying one should control the agenda. Don’t force conversations on them.”
When your loved one feels ready to talk, the following suggestions can be comforting ways to begin a conversation:
- Ask how they’re doing
Check in with your loved one. Discuss their feelings, thoughts, concerns; talk about their day or other topics they suggest.
- Ask what they need
Remind your loved one that you’re here to help. If they have particular wants or wishes, try to ensure that they’re carried out.
- Let them know you’re there
No one should feel alone, as these feelings can create unhealthy stress and excess sadness. It’s important to let your loved one know that you’re there for them — reassurance is key.
Don’t forget to say, “I love you”
Sometimes all it takes is three words to give someone the greatest feeling of comfort. During these uncertain times, don’t forget to make your feelings known.
We all express love differently, so whether you express it best verbally or through drawings, cards, or letters, simply let them know they’re loved and cared for.
Dying people typically want to hear (and say) four things, writes Dr. Ira Byock,professor of palliative medicine at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in his book “The Four Things That Matter Most”:
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- “I forgive you.”
- “Please forgive me.”
- “I love you.”
- “Thank you.”
If any of these seem fitting — whether you need to make peace, forgive, love, or simply thank them for anything they’ve done — remain open to different conversations.
Write words of comfort in a letter
Sometimes it’s better to show rather than tell. Reflect on the happy times you shared with your loved one, even if it was many years ago. Recount old stories that may inspire laughter or the feeling of a life well-lived.
“People often approach death by making sure their life had significance,” says Doka. “Have conversations about the things they’ve learned, the legacies they’ve left, the memories you have of them. Help them feel like they were important.”
What to write to a dying loved one
As experts like Doka note, when people are about to die, one of the things they cherish most is the feeling that they mattered, and that they were important to someone… that they were important to you. Here are some examples of how to begin:
- Thank you for the …
- I will never forget when we …
- You are the reason I learned to appreciate …
- I’ve been thinking of you. I remember when …
- Without you, I would have never discovered …
- I am so grateful that you taught me the importance of …
Encourage loved ones to share
Everyone approaches their mortality differently. Some will find it important to mend relationships with family or friends, while others will prefer to focus onfinding ways to remember accomplishmentsor airing out old regrets.
Either way, it’s important to give your loved one a chance to open up and process what they’ve experienced, as well as what’s to come.Now can be the best time to talk about memories, share stories, or discuss lessons learned.
Here are several questions to ask your loved one before they die:
- What are the most important lessons that life taught you?
- What are your favorite memories?
- What legacies do you want to leave behind?
- What experiences have been the most precious?
- If you could relive a moment all over again, what would it be?
Be honest, kind, and open
There’s no perfect or easy way to navigate these moments or conversations. Above all, do your best to remain authentic, supportive, and understanding. When talking to your loved one, just remember that it’s OK to:
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- Admit you don’t have all of the answers
- Not understand why this is happening
- Cry and express your emotions openly
- Be silent — sometimes the best words can be no words
Things to avoid saying to someone who is dying
Open conversation or not, there are some thoughts one should generallyavoid saying to someone who is dying.
- Don’t give false assurances
This can undermine trust and add unnecessary anxiety into a situation that is already difficult enough.
- Don’t force a conversation
Be patient with your loved one. If they’re not ready to talk, give them time to process their feelings and emotions.
- Don’t force religion if your loved one is not religious
If your loved one is not spiritual, be respectful and mindful of their beliefs.
- Don’t force them to accept palliative care at home if they would prefer to receive care in another setting.
Prepare to say goodbye to a senior loved one
In many cases, a loved one dies suddenly due to an accident, heart attack, or other event. Sadly, there is little or no time to prepare or say goodbye. But with terminal illnesses like cancer, you can talk about end-of-life issues over months or even years. Yet, because we often don’t know what to say, we may miss out on opportunities to connect deeply with our dying loved one and have conversations we’ll remember and appreciate for years or even decades after they’re gone.
In addition to having meaningful conversations, it’s also important to have your loved one’s affairs in order, according to Brian Carpenter, psychological and brain sciences professor at Washington University in St. Louis. In an interview for theAmerican Psychological Associationhe suggested asking the three following questions to help eliminate end-of-life stress regarding:
Ask where theirimportant financial documents(end-of-life instructions, wills, life-insurance policies, etc.) are located so they can be organized, stored, and carried out correctly by the right person.
- Funeral or service
What kind of arrangement do they prefer? Who do they want to be involved, or who do they want there? Is there anything they don’t want?
If they’re given a choice, do they prefer to be at home, a different residential setting, or in the hospital?
As difficult as it can be to have these discussions, it’ll make it easier to move forward so that you’re able to focus on the present with your loved one.
Make peace with yourself and your loved one
Don’t forget tonurture yourself during this time, too. Caregivers or family members who need support through a loved one’s death, and the bereavement process, may find it most helpful to turn to others who have been through a similar experience. Grief counseling or therapy can also be positive avenues to pursue when you need professional advice or someone to talk to.
Saying goodbye to your loved one will never be easy. However, staying prepared, asking questions, and having open conversations can help you both find a sense of peace and much-needed comfort in the end.